Emulation/imitation, or mimetic art theory as it is accepted from Greek, was accepted with Plato and Aristotle and maintained its importance until the nineteenth century. Since this theory sees the most important function of art as the reflection of reality, it is also referred to as the projective theory, in the sense of representing real objects.

The concept of mimesis is a concept that emerged in literature. It means imitation in Greek. It is known as imitation of nature. In short, it is the representation of nature and human behavior based on imitation in art and literature. It was used by Aristotle to argue that the role of art is "imitation of nature."

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