James Hoban (1762 - December 8, 1831) Irish architect. His best-known work is the White House in Washington. He spent most of his life in a red brick house in the White House garden with his wife, ten children, and nine slaves. He earned a considerable amount of $ 1,500 a year and died a wealthy man. Born in Desart (near Callan, County Kilkenny, Ireland, and studied carpentry at the Count of Desart's mansion in Cuffersgrange. He studied architecture at the Royal Society of Dublin. He immigrated to the United States in 1789 and started architecture in Philadelphia. He designed the South Carolina state building before winning the competition for the design of the (later White House) in 1792.