Ideology theory or theory expresses the totality of theoretical efforts that focus on the structure of ideology as a consciousness formation, its functioning mechanisms, the functions of ideology, and its relations and differences with other (social) forms of consciousness (science, philosophy, religion, etc.) and theoretically try to explain this field. does. Rather than dealing with individual ideologies, it is concerned with what is commonly called ideology. Although there are many different theories of ideology, we can say that there are generally two main / main trends in this area. Since Destutt de Tracy, the theory of ideology has made significant progress in these two main directions and both trends have developed important arguments. One of these is the positive approach to ideology, according to which ideology is a necessary construct as a form of social consciousness and is not concerned with the issue of truth-falsehood. This approach is truth-false, ideology-science etc. argues that it is not possible to evaluate ideology. The second approach, on the contrary, approaches the issue at the level of epistemology. Accordingly, ideology is a matter of wrong cognition, that is, false consciousness. Naturally, this delusional consciousness is confronted with another structure of thought, which is the representative of truth, which is the basis of the science-ideology distinction in a sense.