The civilization that Egyptian scholars believed to have lived in. According to the famous historian Herodotus, Egypt, a gift from the Nile, is a Mediterranean country on the world's desert belt and located in the northeast of Africa. It is connected with the front Asian countries through the Sinai Peninsula. Egypt in ancient times; Northern Egypt was divided into two parts, Southern Egypt., Egypt lived the Old Stone, Middle Stone and New Stone Ages. IV. It passed into the Prehistoric Period towards the end of the century. In 1900 the era of the Pharaohs began.