Folklore examines the cultural products, oral literature, traditions, customs, beliefs, cuisine, music, plays, folk medicine of the people living in a country or region, indicating their relations with each other, which is the source, evolution, spread, change, interaction, etc. It is a branch of science that tries to solve its problems and find results, rules, theories and laws. It simply means science that deals with the public. The term "folklore", on the other hand, has passed from French to Turkish and comes from folk and lore (knowledge). The term was first used by British researcher William Thoms (1803-1885) in his article in a journal named "Athenaeum" published in London in 1846. Thomas suggested using the term Folklore as a name for the branch of science that studies the products of folk literature and folk traditions.