Electrostatics is a science that studies static or very slow moving electric charges. It has been known since ancient times that some substances such as amber attract some light substances after rubbing. The Greek amber (amber, electron) is the source of the word electricity. Electrostatic; It arises from the application of force to each other of electric charges, and is studied by Coulomb's law and Gauss's law. Although the electrostatically generated force is considered weak, the electrostatic force between the electron and the proton in the hydrogen atom is 40 times the mass-gravitational force.

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