Birmingham is a city in the US state of Alabama. It is the state's largest city. It is located in Jefferson County; but some parts of it overflow into Shelby County. Birmingham An industrial center was established in 1871, just after the American Civil War. It was named after Birmingham, one of the UK's major industrial cities. The city is named 'Pittsburgh of the South' because Pittsburgh is an industrial city like Birmingham. The Birmingham Art Museum is also located in the city.